KLIK GAMBAR DI ATAS (PAUTAN)

Klik pada gambar di atas untuk pautan…

 

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Tanda klac kereta hampir rosak

TANDA-TANDA KLAC KERETA NAK ROSAK
Kerosakan klac boleh dikesan ketika kereta bergerak
SELAIN enjin, pelbagai alat lain juga penting untuk memastikan sesebuah kenderaan bergerak dalam keadaan baik.
Antaranya ialah transmisi yang menjadi sistem sokongan penting bagi menentukan kelancaran kenderaan. Ia merangkumi gear dan klac.
Bagi kereta manual, kesempurnaan klac akan memastikan keselesaan pemanduan. Oleh itu, jika kita dapat mengenal pasti gejala yang menunjukkan kerosakan klac, ia akan memberi kelebihan kepada kita sebagai pemandu.
Biasanya kerosakan klac boleh dikesan ketika kenderaan sedang bergerak, iaitu ketika kita menekan pedal minyak dan putaran enjin bertambah tinggi, tetapi kenderaan tidak bergerak lebih laju.
Keadaan itu lebih terasa ketika sedang mendaki bukit atau membawa muatan berat. Keadaan itu kemudian diiringi bau getah terbakar.
Untuk mengesahkan lagi bahawa cekam rosak, kita perlu lakukan ujian berikut, berhentikan kereta dan tarik brek tangan, hidupkan enjin. Pijak pedal klac dan masukkan gear satu atau dua.
Ketika pedal klac masih dipijak, naikkan putaran enjin dengan menekan pedal minyak. Kemudian angkat pedal klac perlahan-lahan. Apabila didapati putaran enjin tidak berkurang atau enjin tidak cenderung untuk mati, maka sah bahawa klac kereta kita mengalami
kerosakan.
Selain itu, klac rosak juga akan menyebabkan enjin terasa tidak dapat menghasilkan kuasa penuh, petrol cepat habis, enjin cepat panas. Sebenarnya, klac rosak tidak mudah diketahui terutama ketika baru berlaku.
Klac rosak biasanya disebabkan jarak bebas pedal klac terlalu pendek, permukaan piring klac sudah haus atau terbakar, ada gris atau minyak di permukaan klac, pegas tekan pada plat klac sudah lemah atau patah dan piring penekan klac atau roda daya enjin sudah berubah bentuk.
Bagaimana memeriksa jarak bebas pedal klac? Tekan pedal klac untuk mengetahui sejauh mana daya yang diperlukan. Ia boleh juga dilakukan dengan menggunakan kaki, tetapi lebih baik
dengan tangan. Pedal klac dapat ditekan dengan mudah hingga pada suatu kedudukan
tertentu, tempat klac mulai terlepas.
Selepas kedudukan itu daya yang diperlukan akan terasa bertambah besar. Maka jarak bebas pedal ke klac adalah jarak tekan yang harus dilepasi oleh pedal klac dari kedudukan tidak dipijak hingga pada kedudukan tempat klac mulai terlepas.
Jarak bebas itu biasanya antara 20-40 mm, bergantung kepada jenis kenderaan. Apabila jarak bebasnya terlalu pendek, besar kemungkinan klac akan rosak.
Apabila cekam rosak, proses pembaikan tidak dapat dilakukan dengan mudah dan apabila ini berlaku, nampaknya terpaksalah keluar duit lagi. Namun ketika membawa kenderaan ke bengkel patuhilah beberapa berikut, jangan lepaskan cekam dengan tiba-tiba atau memijak injak klac secara tiba-tiba.
Juga jangan meletak kaki anda di atas pedal klac apabila tidak diperlukan. Anda juga tidak digalakkan memandu laju, seboleh-bolehnya tidak lebih 60 kilometer sejam dan jangan membawa lebih penumpang dan naikkan tekanan angin tayar bagi mengurangkan geselan antara tayar dengan jalan.

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History of Sarawak before forming Malaysia

Before 1841

The eastern seaboard of Borneo was charted, though not settled, by the Portuguese in the early 16th century.  The area of Sarawak was known to Portuguese cartographers as Cerava, and by the early 19th century, Sarawak had become a loosely governed territory under the control of the Brunei Sultanate.

According to the Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei, the Pengiran Muda Tengah Ibrahim Ali Omar Shah, better known as Raja Tengah, accepted the offer by his elder brother, the Sultan of Brunei, to be the Sultan of Sarawak in 1598.  He brought along 1,000 warriors and a coterie of nobilities to help him administer the new country.

In 1599, while returning from Pahang, Sultan Tengah’s storm-lashed ship ran aground in Sukadana in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.  He stayed and married there.  On his return to Sarawak, he was killed by one of his followers at present day Kampung Batu Buaya in Santubong.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Brunei’s Sultan, Omar Ali Saif-Udin sent Pangiran Mahkota to Kuching to be the Governor of Sarawak.  In 1836, the Malays and Land Dayaks (now known as the Bidayuhs) of the Sarawak River basin revolted and proclaimed their independence from Brunei.

The Sultan sent his uncle, Raja Muda Hashim, the Bendahara of Brunei, to put down the rebellion.  However, it was unsuccessful as Pangiran Mahkota’s earlier appointment as the Governor was not withdrawn, resulting in a chaotic authority.  At the same time, the rebellion led by Datu Patinggi Ali against the Brunei levies under Mahkota escalated.  It was at the height of this unrest that a British adventurer and an exsoldier James Brooke first arrived in Kuching in 1839.

 

Brooke Era (1841-1941)

James Brooke had served in the East India Company’s army in his younger days. On his second visit in 1841, he agreed to help Raja Muda Hashim to quell the rebellion in Sarawak.  As a reward, he was installed as the Rajah of Sarawak (which comprised the territory from Tanjong Datu to the Sadong River) in Kuching on 18 September 1842.  Sarawak’s border continued to expand from Sadong River to Tanjong Kidurong until he was succeeded by his nephew, Charles Brooke in 1867.  James Brooke died in England in 1868.

Under Charles Brooke, who ruled from 1868 until his death in 1917, the territory of Sarawak was extended to include Baram (1881), Limbang (1890) and Lawas (1905), and to its present boundaries.  At this time, the government machinery was formalised with proper laws and order, and efforts were made towards economic development using technologies from the west.

Rajah Charles introduced public administration system, built a strategic network of fortresses, including Fort Margherita.  The mass Chinese migration, growth of rubber plantation, oil prospecting in Miri, establishment of the Sarawak Museum, the famed Sarawak Rangers and Sarawak constabulary took place during his reign.

Charles Vyner Brooke, the second son of Charles Brooke, succeeded his father to become the third Rajah of Sarawak on 24 May 1917.  The elder son Betram Brooke had earlier on declined the offer to rule.  Vyner Brooke formulated a new constitution, which put an end to the absolute power of the Rajah in 1941.  The Council Negri was given the power to ensure that no law could be passed or money spent without its consent.

During the century of Brooke rule, the Brooke authority was constantly challenged by the local indigenous  leaders, most notably Sharip Sahap, Sharip Masahor, Rentap, Bantin and the Hakka gold miners from Bau led by Liu Shan Bang.  However, the Brookes were able to contain all the uprisings.

 

Japanese Occupation (1941-1945)

On 16 December 1941, Japanese forces landed at Brighton beach in Miri and scaled up Tanjong Lobang to reach the lighthouse where they killed the caretaker. The Japanese forces rapidly moved towards Kuching and  occupied it on Christmas Eve that year.

When the Japanese invaded Sarawak, Vyner Brooke had already left for Australia where he operated in exile from Sydney, and subsequently moved to London. Most of the European officers in Sarawak were rounded up by the Japanese and interned at Lintang Camp (the present Batu Lintang Teachers’ Training College) in Kuching.

They were confined to trying conditions and many did not survive the ordeal. The administrative and economic infrastructures were severely damaged during the three-and-a-half year occupation. The Japanese forces built an iron bridge (which can still be seen today) across the Sadong River in Serian. The civilians also suffered much hardship as much of their rice crops were seized by the soldiers from The Rising Sun.

 

British Military Administration (1945 Aug – 1946 Apr)

Japan sought peace on 15 August, 1945 and all regular resistance to the occupation forces ceased on that date. The Australian armed forces under Major-General Wootten entered Kuching on 11 September 1945 to receive the formal surrender of the Japanese army in Sarawak, which was immediately placed under British Military Rule administered by the Australian Military until 15 April 1946.

Sarawak as British Crown Colony (1946-1963)

Vyner Brooke announced his intention to cede Sarawak to Britain in early 1946. The British government sent two Malay-speaking Members of Parliament to Sarawak to ascertain whether the people were in favour of cession. It was found that there was sufficient support for cession to be put before the Council Negri. This motion was subsequently debated for three days in the Council Negri. The Bill of Cession was read for the third time on 17 May 1946 and was passed by 19 votes against 16.

Self Governing Sarawak (1963)

On 27 May 1961, Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj proposed a merger for closer political and economic co-operation between the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo (as Sabah was known then) and Brunei.

British Prime Minister Sir Harold Macmillan supported the idea and the first Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee (MSCC) meeting was held in Singapore two months later, followed by an eye-opening visit by leaders from Sarawak and Sabah to Malaya on 12 August 1962. In 1962, a five-man team of 2 Malayans and 3 British representatives headed by Lord Cameron Cobbold conducted a referendum amongst Sarawakians on the proposed Federation of Malaysia.

The findings of the Cobbold Commission led to the Malaysia Agreement signed on 9 July 1963 by Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore. As spelt out in the 20-point requirements raised by Sabah and 18-point by Sarawak, the Agreement sought to protect the interest, rights and autonomy of the people of the two states after the formation of Malaysia.

Sarawak Representatives at  Kuching Airport on 12 July 1963 after returning from London where they signed the historic agreement to form Malaysia and end colonial rule.

Temenggong Jugah anak Barieng OBE, Datu Bandar Abang Mustapa CBE, Abang Haji Openg, Ling Beng Siew and P.E.H. Pike signed on behalf of Sarawak while Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj and Sir Harold Macmillan represented Malaya and Britain respectively.

On 22 July 1963, the Governor of Sarawak, Sir Alexander Waddell, issued a proclamation to form the first Supreme Council with the appointment of Stephen Kalong Ningkan, the Chairman of Sarawak National Party (SNAP), as the first Chief Minister of Sarawak. The other members of the Supreme Council were Abdul Taib Mahmud, James Wong Kim Ming, Dunstan Endawie Anak Enchana, Awang Hipni Pengiran Anu and Teo Kui Seng. This marked the end of colonial rule and birth of Sarawak as a self-governing country.

Formation of Malaysia (1963)

On 29 August 1963, the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong signed the Malaysia Declaration for the formation of the Federation of Malaysia.  This was subsequently approved by the Sarawak Legislative Assembly on 4 September 1963 with 38 votes for and 5 against.  A week later, Chief Minister Stephen Kalong Ningkan, 3 state cabinet ministers and 10 members of the Alliance flew to Kuala Lumpur to meet the Prime Minister and the Secretary of the Colony of Britain, Duncan Sandys, as an exciting new future beckoned for Sarawak.

Proclamation by the First Governor of Sarawak, His Excellency Datu Abang Haji Openg Abang Sapiee on 16 September 1963 at Padang Sentral, Kuching.

Mr. Stephen Kalong Ningkan reading the Proclamation of the Independence of Sarawak.

On 16 September 1963, the Honourable Khir Johari read the historic Proclamation of Malaysia witnessed by Datu Abang Haji Openg Abang Sapiee, the first Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sarawak, Datuk Stephen Kalong Ningkan, the Chief Minister, members of the first State Cabinet and the public at Central Padang in Kuching.

It was a poignant and proud moment when Ningkan read the Proclamation of the Independence of Sarawak: “Now therefore I, Stephen Kalong Ningkan, the Chief Minister of Sarawak, hereby proclaim that Sarawak has this day attained independence as a State of Malaysia”.

This was followed by the hoisting of the federal flag and the playing of the national anthem ‘Negaraku’.  On this historical day, Sarawak achieved full independence as a member state of the Federation of Malaysia.

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Sambutan Maal Hijrah /Awal Muharram 1437H/2015

‘Perpaduan Nadi Transformasi Negara’ merupakan tema bagi sambutan Maal Hijrah 1437 Hijrah.

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Homestay bajet murah

Mencari homestay bajet dan murah di Kuching 2015?
Guesthouse bajet murah di Kuching 2015?
Bercuti di Kuching 2015
Hotel murah di Kuching
Melancong ke Kuching
Homestay murah selesa
 
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Pesta Buku Terapung Logos Hope Floating Book Fair, Kuching 2015

mv logos hope kuching

Pameran Buku Antarabangsa Terapung tiba lagi……berada di Pelabuhan Sim Kheng Hong, Pending (Berdekatan Kilang CMS) sehingga 29 April 2015.

mv logos hope floating book fair pameran buku terapung kuching 2015

Terdapat lebih 5,000 judul buku yang jarang didapati di Malaysia….semuanya terdapat di atas kapal MV Logos Hope.

pameran buku terapung logos hope floating book fair kuching 2015

Kemasukan hanya RM1 dan semua buku dijual dalam bentuk unit. 100unit bersamaan RM8.

pameran buku terapung logos hope floating book fair kuching 2015

Jom ramey-ramey kita berambeh sia….

 

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Tayar kereta berbunyi ketika naik bonggol dan langgar lubang

Tayar kereta berbunyi ketika naik bonggol dan langgar lubang

Aku hari tu nak cepat…jadi aku pecut ketika naik bonggol(bump) tu….ada bunyi kurang menyenangkan….jadi pendek kata hujung minggu tu free, aku bawak g bengkel check.

Aku pergi 2 bengkel. Satu bengkel kata masalah absorber. Satu bengkel lagi kata tie rod(batang besi kurus panjang kat tepi absorber tu).

Jadi aku google jap fungsi absorber dan tie rod tu…macam mana dia berfungsi…lastly, aku yakin kata-kata dua mekanik itu x masuk akal. Absorber aku masih responsive. Tie rod tu aku tengok dan pegang pusing2 masih elok….xde tanda2 rosak.

Aku check bahagian atas….belah dalam hood. Aku check sendiri semua sambungan yang berkemungkinan berdekatan kawasan absorber. Tq mekanik2 tu….time dia jack kete aku, time tu la aku perati part dalam2 yang susah nak tengok tu…hahaha

Aku jumpa dah. Mounting absorber aku dah kong. Ada koyak getah kat mounting tu…Memang patut pun…dah 6 tahun lebih kot kete tu xde masalah….jadi aku terus ke workshop order sparepart mounting absorber tu. Check sekali harga absorber RM450!!! Sebatang depan je! Xpe…tu next time. Aku terpaksa order dulu mounting absorber tu sebab kereta aku ni rare, jadi derang kata x simpan stok parts. Terpaksa tunggu 2 minggu baru sampai Malaysia. OK je la. Aku order dan tunggu 2 minggu lagi baru tukar….

Moral of the story…kita kan ada internet….jadi timbalah ilmu sebelum kena kelentong…. :)

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Selamat Hari Raya Aidiladha 2014

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Akaun maybank Penipu Besar Syafiq Hilsya bin Nor 162106756335

Akaun maybank Penipu Besar Syafiq Hilsya bin No.

Maybank 162106756335

Kalau sesiapa ada info berkenaan dia ni…roger.

Kes: Menyamar jadi tourist, stuck kat imigresen. Dorang akan menyamar jadi imigresen dan minta wang untuk release. Im able to dig down this full name and beware of this account.

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Israel sekat akses ke laman facebook IDF

GAZA: Israel hari ini nampaknya telah menghalang pelayar dari Malaysia dari melayari laman Facebook IDF. Mungkin mereka telah goyang apabila banyak kali ‘troll’ ataupun laman Facebook mereka dikatakan telah digodam sebelum ini. Atau mungkin ada helah yang mereka tidak mahu rakyat Malaysia tahu.

Sememangnya ada ciri yang membolehkan Admin page Facebook mengehadkan negara mana yang boleh melayari laman Facebook mereka.

Hal ini dapat dilihat jika pengguna dari Malaysia pergi ke laman Facebook IDF secara terus, pengguna akan dibawa ke Laman Utama, bukan page berkenaan.

Tetapi jika menggunakan proksi dari luar negara seperti ini  dan memasukkan alamat(URL) laman facebook IDF, iaitu https://www.facebook.com/idfonline , laman berkenaan masih lagi kelihatan berfungsi dengan elok.

Kebelakangan ni aku gigih nak masuk web Israel nak wat balance comment…jgn rakyat dia kena racun oleh media sana je…

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Radiator Nissan Cube Z11 aku bocor…

Tak lama lagi nak raya….semua sibuk siapkan bajet untuk raya ni…..aku pulak ditimpa malang yang menjejaskan bajet….

Radiator ku bocor! Baru je nak servis kereta….radiator pulak buat hal. Aku tahu betapa penting komponen radiator ni terhadap enjin kereta. Aku perlu pastikan semua sistem enjin baik…cooling sistem lancar termasuk radiator ni….dan telah diservis.

Aku hantar kereta ke bengkel yang aku dah percaya….seorang mekanik yang dah lama aku kenal…seorang cina muslim. Aku suruh derang check dulu….5 minit je derang buat checking, jumpa dah punca….rupanya bocor kat bahagian plastik bawah radiator.

radiator nissan cube cubic bgz11

radiator nissan cube cubic bgz11

Yang bocor tu bahagian plastik hitam kat bawah tu. Kalau bocor plastik yang kat atas xpe…blh ganti tu je….tapi yang bawah ni kene tukar sekaligus.

Bahaya ni…aku terus terbayang kemungkinan yang terjadi jika tak baiki segera…engine aku bakal overheat…akan efek head gasket….kalau dah tahap tu, kene buat top overhaul….dekat rm2000 tu….

Aku pun suruh mekanik tu order…terus pasang hari yang sama…..nasib baik ada stok kat Kuching.

So, pembaca semua kene periksa awal kete…sebelum balik beraya ni….benda kecik boleh membawa kepada perkara yang lebih besar dan mahal….

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